number 7 Autumn 2001
FROM THE CHAIRMAN
tragic and painful events of the 11th of September bring
to the fore the precarious situation in which humanity
finds itself today. We as a Charity, concerned with
preserving and maintaining the wellbeing of children,
strongly and unreservedly condemn the loss of so many
innocent lives in the United States of America. We offer
our condolences and heartfelt sympathy to all the bereaved
families. At the same time, we feel a deep concern for
the loss of lives of innocent people, many of them children,
It seems that today, more than at any other time, there
is a need to bring nations together in peace and establish
equal rights and justice for all. Let us avoid wars
that bring about so much suffering and rely, instead,
on international law and peaceful means to achieve justice
and create a better future for all our children.
I would like to now update our supporters on MAIC's
achievements over the last twelve months. MAIC has been
able to supply various paediatric hospitals in Iraq
with medicines and medical equipment worth £277,433.
For the same period, we were able to raise around £243,800
in funds from donations as well as fundraising activities.
In a new addition to our contribution slip provided
on the last page of this Newsletter, MAIC is introducing
a new scheme of monthly direct debit donations. For
a small amount each month, your support can make the
world of difference to a sick child in Iraq. We need
your support now more than ever in order to carry on
with our much needed humanitarian projects for the coming
As always, my sincerest thanks and appreciation go out
to all our generous donors as well as to the hard working
and dedicated MAIC team. I would like to end by wishing
you all a happy and peaceful year ahead.
REVIEW OF FUNDRAISING EVENTS
DECEMBER 2000-DECEMBER 2001
-On the 9th of May 2001, MAIC held its Annual Dinner
under the Royal Patronage of Her Majesty Queen Rania
Al-Abdullah of Jordan at The Brewery in London. Over
220 guests attended the evening. Her Majesty gave a
moving speech highlighting the suffering of the Iraqi
children under sanctions. During the dinner, there was
a screening of a short documentary film commissioned
by MAIC depicting the Charity's work in Iraq to date.
This was followed by a delightful violin recital by
the young Nazrin Rashidova, accompanied by the highly
acclaimed Sara Arranson on accordion and Linn Hendry
on piano. The recital was generously donated by the
artists. Additional entertainment was provided by the
BT Melodians Steel Orchestra as well as the DJ Jamil
During the event, the donations of many generous
supporters guaranteed funding for two consignments of
medicines and medical equipment to several paediatric
hospitals in Basra and Baghdad. The auction, the raffle
and the draw for a Smart car, also contributed towards
raising the overall sum of over £214,000.
ADDRESS GIVEN BY HER MAJESTY
QUEEN RANIA AL-ABDULLAH OF JORDAN
AT MAIC'S ANNUAL DINNER, 9th MAY 2001
Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, it is a great honour
to be here tonight. Our event takes on a special significance,
because it is not embedded in the past, but ultimately
looks to the future. The future, not seen through the
eyes of a politician or an economist but seen in its
most pure, sincere and innocent form, through the eyes
of a child.
as far as the children of Iraq are concerned, the future
must look pretty grim. I'm sure you all know the statistics,
but I'll repeat some of them anyway. According to a
UN study, more than 570,000 children have died from
malnutrition and preventable disease between 1990 and
1998. Medical Aid for Iraqi Children puts the current
figure at over 1 million deaths. UN agencies also estimate
that over 6,000 children are dying every month and the
list goes on. But we are not here to get bogged down
by statistics. We all understand that statistics don't
make humans; humans make statistics. So tonight, as
global citizens, we gather to re-affirm our deep rooted
commitment to reverse these painful trends and clear
in whatever way possible the lens through which Iraqi
children view the world.
are also here to acknowledge the noble efforts of an
organisation that has made a difference in the lives
of thousands of Iraqi children. For the past six years,
the Medical Aid for Iraqi Children has worked under
the harshest of conditions to extend assistance to paediatric
hospitals in Iraq. Be it through your regular shipments
of urgently needed medicines, equipment and books or
through your intensive care units, your initiative has
been heartfelt and sincere. I would like to extend my
thanks and deep gratitude to each and every single staff
member and supporter of MAIC for your unwavering commitment,
personal involvement and generosity.
organisation has provided us with a solid vehicle through
which we can siphon our contributions and efforts, and
rest assured that the familiar faces I see tonight will
support your noble cause as they have done on numerous
occasions in the past.
you for inviting me to join you tonight.
I wish you strength and continued success.
you very much.
UPDATE OF MEDICAL DELIVERIES
TO PAEDIATRIC HOSPITALS IN IRAQ
December 2000 - December 2001
Consignment of Medical Supplies, Delivered on
Hospitals in Iraq
- Cardiac and anti-convulsant medicines
- Antibiotics and anti-sickness medicines
- Vitamins, minerals and
- Surgical equipment
- Medical Books
- BMA Medical Books*
Al-Mansour Paediatric Teaching Hospital,
- Central Paediatric Teaching
Hospital, Al-Tifl Al-Markazi,
- Al-Karamah General Hospital, Paediatric
- Al-Kadissiya General Hospital, Paediatric
British Medical Association (BMA) kindly
donated a total of 1200 medical textbooks.
As agreed with the BMA, MAIC delivered and
distributed the books to eight hospital
medical libraries in Iraq.
consignment was funded by the generosity of the following
donors: The Karim Rida Said Foundation (KRSF) sponsored
anti-cancer drugs, Mrs Mazin Al-Daftari, Shell International
sponsored antibiotics, Mrs Fatima Jaidah, Mr Ali Al-Daftari,
Mr & Mrs Hamid Damerji, Mrs Dania Sakka, Mr A. Ercklentz,
Mr & Mrs Jihad Tabbara, Mr Amin Faltas, Mr &
Mrs I. Sinclair as well as various anonymous donors.
of Medical Equipment, Delivered on 29/11/2001
Hospitals in Iraq
20 x Trephine bone biopsy needles (children
-ABL 625 radiometer & its reagents
- 2 x Blood cell separators & their accessories
- 24 x Children's wheelchairs
100 x Walking aids for cerebral palsy patients
(infant & junior)
- 36 x Hickman catheters for intravenous infusion
(infant, children & adult)
- 300 x Face masks for child
- 15 Sphygmomanometer aneroid Accoson
Basra Paediatric Teaching
- ABL 625 radiometer & its reagents
- Central Paediatric Teaching
Hospital, Al-Tifl Al-Markazi,
consignment was funded by the generosity of the following
donors: Mr & Mrs Abdullah Ismail, Mr Ali Jaidah,
The Ousseimi Foundation, Mrs Latifa Kosta, Mrs Nina
Faidi, Mr & Mrs Wasif Haroun, The Women's Council,
Mrs Mounir Attalla, Rev'd John Stephenson, Mrs Hind
Matthews as well as funds received from general donations
and fundraising events.
IN THE PIPELINE
A Van Ambulance
At the Annual Dinner, Mr Nadhmi Auchi generously donated
a Van Ambulance (2000 Ford McCoy Miller E-350 type 11).
MAIC has acquired the UN approval on 28th November 2001
and is currently awaiting the US Export License, in
order to export the ambulance to Iraq. It will be donated
to the Al-Mansour Paediatric Teaching Hospital in Baghdad.
Training in the Latest Bone Marrow Transplant Techniques
It is a well documented fact that the incidence of child
leukaemia in Iraq has increased dramatically since the
end of the Gulf War. The most effective treatment for
this condition is bone marrow transplants. Earlier this
year, MAIC was approached by the International Centre
for Reconciliation at Coventry Cathedral to participate
in their proposed programme to train doctors and medical
technicians from Iraq in the latest bone marrow transplant
techniques at the Birmingham Children's Hospital.
Accordingly, MAIC has pledged to fund the training of
one doctor from Iraq at a cost of £6,000. MAIC
is in constant touch with Coventry Cathedral about the
progress of their programme.
Upcoming Medical Shipment
MAIC is also presently compiling the next list of medicines
and medical equipment that are urgently needed by paediatric
hospitals in Iraq. The estimated cost of the list is
approximately £150,000. All donations will be
UPDATE ON THE DELIVERY OF MAIC'S 2ND ICU TO THE CENTRAL
PAEDIATRIC TEACHING HOSPITAL, AL-TIFL AL-MARKAZI, BAGHDAD
As mentioned in last year's newsletter, delivery of
this 3-bed ICU commenced on 31/10/2000.
The majority of the equipment was delivered on that
date. However, the following items were either delivered
at a later date or are still awaiting various necessary
approvals and licenses:
- 1 x Paediatric aerosol tent OHMEDA, delivered on 28/8/2001
- 3 x Bedside monitors & 1 x Multiview central workstation
SIEMENS. The approval of the UN Sanctions Committee
was granted on 13/8/2001. Now, MAIC is awaiting the
granting of the US Export License.
SPECIAL THANK YOU
Over the years, MAIC has been receiving a great deal
of support from a wide cross-section of British society.
There has been much support and concern voiced by the
Church. The Rev'd John Stephenson of St.Chad's Church
in East Herrington has been a constant supporter and
has also encouraged his congregation to support MAIC.
Then there is the British medical community. This includes
individuals like Dr Mercy Heatley who has donated much
needed medical journals on several occasions. The British
Medical Association (BMA) as well as various British
medical institutions have supported their fellow doctors
in Iraq by donating medical books and journals. There
are many more touching stories of individuals who have
shown a great deal of compassion by supporting the sick
children of Iraq. MAIC is appreciative and extremely
grateful for all their help.
FROM AN ADDRESS GIVEN BY MAIC'S CHAIRMAN
AT AN INTERNATIONAL FORUM IN MUNICH, JUNE 2001
title of the address was "Can Sanctions Against
Iraq Be Justified?" The address reviewed: The Effect
of Sanctions Between 1990 - 1995, The State of Health
and Public Utilities Following the Implementation of
the UN "Oil for Food" Programme 1996 - 2001,
The Process of Applying to the UN Sanctions Committee,
and The Human Cost.
Process of Applying to the UN Sanctions Committee
imports for Iraq via the 'Oil for Food Programme' have
to be approved by the Security Council Sanctions Committee,
which will examine each item on the application. The
Committee has the right to withhold approval for items
suspected of dual use. In May 2000, a pre-approved list
of some drugs was introduced to speed up the process.
Yet the process of applying to the Sanctions Committee
remains highly inefficient and time consuming. It slows
down the delivery of urgently needed supplies, and fails
to meet the Security Council's main humanitarian objectives.
to UN figures as of 31st March 2001, the Office of the
Iraq Programme received over $26 billion worth of contracts,
of which $21 billion were approved and $3.4 billion
were put on hold by the Committee. However, of the approved
contracts only $12 billion worth of humanitarian supplies
and oil industry equipment have been delivered to Iraq.
will be discussing the process to highlight the reasons
for the discrepancy between the number of contracts
received and approved and the delays in the delivery
of humanitarian supplies to Iraq.
our Charity's experience, the first step in the process
is to fill in the UN application form which requires
not only a description of each item and its quantity,
but also the unit of measure, the type of packaging,
how many items per package etc. Once we have completed
the application, it is sent to the Department for Trade
and Industry (DTI) in London. It usually takes the DTI
a period of 6-8 weeks to do their queries and clear
departments before sending the application to the UN
mission. During this period, we are in constant communication
with the DTI answering queries regarding the chemical
components of certain medicines, extra clarification
on units of measure, technical specifications and the
type of use for some of the medical equipment.
the application is received, the UN mission in New York
will present it to the Sanctions Committee. It usually
takes two weeks for the Committee to review the application
and send it, if approved, to the DTI in London. The
DTI will then take another 2-3 weeks of further queries
before they issue the Export Licence and forward it
together with the UN approval to our charity.
then can we put the order in to our suppliers. It takes
about 3 months for the orders to be ready and delivered
to the hospitals in Iraq. The total period involved
between presenting the application and delivery of the
medical supplies is about 6 months. In previous years
the corresponding period was 8-9 months.
the Sanctions Committee, an application is sometimes
rejected or put on hold on the grounds of dual use.
We have experienced both cases. In April 2000, we put
an order in for a 3-bed ICU for a paediatric hospital.
Most of the equipment was approved by the UN and delivered
to the hospital, except, 3 Heart Monitors and a Central
Working Station by Siemens which were rejected. We applied
once again in January 2001. The application is still
on hold and the unit cannot be operated as the main
parts are still missing.*
problems are also caused by the Sanctions Committee's
lack of reasonable flexibility to deal with simple changes
in specifications. In one shipment we tried to replace
a box of larger sized sutures with smaller ones. The
reason was that one of the paediatric hospitals needed
the smaller sized ones urgently for use in surgery on
underweight babies. Unfortunately, it was not possible
to do the exchange. We had to apply for the smaller
sized sutures in our next application. The resulting
delay of at least 6 months was unnecessary for such
a simple yet very essential item.
example of the rigidity of the system: In September
2000 we wrote to the DTI asking them to allow us to
replace a Blood Glucose Meter which was included in
the application with another equivalent model, Blood
Glucose Monitoring, as the first model had been discontinued
by the supplier. The complicated system of extra documentation
required prevented us from sending an urgently needed
machine for diabetic patients.
system becomes even more restrictive for the export
of goods from the United States. We need to obtain authorisation
from The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) which
enforces the economic sanctions against Iraq. In an
early experience with OFAC in 1996, we could not obtain
the US export licence for two incubators by Vickers,
even though we had acquired the UN licence for them.
We recently also had to extend a UN licence to export
a Paediatric Tent by Ohmeda because OFAC delayed its
export from the US. However, with the help of a kind
volunteer American lawyer we were able to export the
tent after a delay of 10 months.
hope these few examples have given you an insight into
the shortcomings of the system of UN approvals. Essential
medical supplies have been put on hold or rejected unnecessarily,
long delays are experienced in the delivery of goods
resulting from the system's bureaucratic nature, objections
to minor changes in specification outside the control
of the consignee have caused shortages in essential
UN report in October 1991described Iraq in mid 1980
as a state that had an elaborate health care system,
a modern telecommunication network, 24 electrical power
generation systems and sophisticated water treatment
plants. Mortality rates for both infants and children
under five had declined between 1984 and 1989. However,
the trend rapidly reversed in the 1990s. A UNICEF survey
published in August 1999, covering the South and Centre
of Iraq, showed under 5's mortality to have risen from
56 deaths per 1000 live births between 1984-1989 to
131 deaths between 1994 and 1999. Infant mortality had
risen from 47 to 108 deaths per 1000 live births during
the same period.
to a UNICEF report of April 1998, 40,000 more children
under 5 are dying each year over the figure for 1989,
and there are 50,000 more deaths each year for children
over 5 compared with 1989. This amounts to more than
250 extra deaths per day. Most international aid agencies
agree that over 600,000 children have died over the
past ten years. These figures are not just statistics,
they are young human lives who could have been saved
and alive today.
to the embargo, malnutrition was not a public health
problem in Iraq. But a UNICEF report published in November
1997 estimated that 1 million children under 5 were
chronically malnourished. According to the WHO, 2 million
children were registered in 1998 as suffering from deficiencies
in protein, calorie and vitamins. A survey conducted
by FAO in 1995 showed that 28% of children had stunted
growth, 29% were under weight and 12% showed signs of
wasting. Most of these children will fail to catch up
with their potential intellectual and physical growth.
major health problem is the increase in mental health
patients, especially children. A report by WHO put the
number of patients attending clinics in 1998 at 507,000
persons, an increase of 157% over the figure for 1990.
there has been a sharp increase in the number of cancer
patients, especially among children. Leukaemia counts
for 70% of all cancers. From our charity's record, cancer
cases among children admitted to hospital have quadrupled
education has suffered greatly under sanctions. According
to a UN observation report 90% of primary and 75% of
secondary schools visited failed to provide a safe learning
environment for students and teachers. Basic facilities
were absent, such as appropriate sanitation, water pipes,
lighting, and electrical wiring. School buildings also
suffered from dampness, leaking ceilings, broken doors
and windows. Severe shortages of classroom furniture,
text books and teaching aids were also observed. Investment
in education under the first four phases of the Oil
for Food programme averaged just $23 million a year,
compared to the government's annual allocation of $230
million in the mid 1980s. The development of a generation
of children and youth has been stunted.
conclusion, the Security Council throughout the past
ten years has been constantly reviewing the regime of
sanctions and introducing new formulas as it realised
that the process was not adequate to meet the basic
humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people. However, the
system remains flawed and totally impractical.
of the UN humanitarian co-ordinators in Iraq, Denis
Halliday and Hans Van Sponeck resigned their posts in
1998 and 1999 respectively in protest at the alarming
effect of sanctions on the Iraqi people.
can we justify a policy that had such catastrophic results
on a country of 22 million people who have lost over
600,000 children? Two million more children are malnourished,
families are bereaved, youth have no hope or aspirations.
The economy is desperately in need of financial resources
to rebuild its devastated infrastructure.
represent a humanitarian, non-political Charity and
I am not necessarily in a position to judge the political
merits of the sanctions policy. Never the less, as a
humanitarian, I believe no matter what the political
gains may be, they cannot justify this scale of human
approval was received in August 2001. However, we are
still awaiting the US Export Licence to enable us to
send the equipment to Iraq.
Mrs Mazin Al-Daftari- Trustee & Chairman
Mrs Mashal Al-Nawab
Mr Hani Dajani - Trustee
Mrs H.R. Farman-Farmaian
Mr Hassan Hadad M.D.
Mrs Ali Khan
Mr Robert Mabro CBE - Trustee
Mr Sabah Mahmoud - Trustee & Treasurer
Mrs Charles Riachy - Trustee
Mrs David Sambar
Mrs Fatima Sheikh Khazaal - Trustee
Mr Bassam Zako
Mrs May Zako
Mrs Wajih Al-Kaylani
Prince Sixte de Bourbon-Parme
Prince de Chimay
Mr Nezar Haba M.D.
Mrs Abdullah Ismail
Mr Bruce Mathalone M.D.
Mr Abdul Karim Moudaris
Prof. Edward Said
Dr Raghdah Shukri M.D.
Mrs Hassan Smadi
Mrs Nezhat Tayeb
Mr Graham Walker M.D.
Team in Iraq
Mr Jawad Khadem Al-Ali M.D.
Dr Ihasan Al-Bahrani M.D.
Mr Khalid Al-Obaydi M.D.
Dr Adel Al-Rawi M.D.
Dr Omar Al-Yaqubi M.D.
Dr Hussam Charmougli M.D.
Dr Hussain Malik M.D.
Dr Zafer Al-Kayyali M.D.
Mrs Mounir Attalah
Dr Salwan Baban M.D.
Dr Hala Fattah
Dr Junaid Mahmoud M.D.
Dr Layla Sharaf
Mr Hasan Shukri
Mrs Hashim Alani
Mrs Yassine Bouhara
Mr Taymoor Marmarchi